When you first hear the term ‘MOT test’, you might wonder what it is and why it’s so important. Simply put, an MOT test is an annual examination required for all cars over three years old in the UK, designed to assess vehicle safety, roadworthiness, and exhaust emissions. Unlike a regular vehicle health check, which can identify potential issues such as engine or clutch problems, an MOT primarily determines whether your vehicle is safe to drive on the road.
Think of the MOT test as a yearly health check-up for your car. Just as you would go to the doctor for a regular check-up to ensure your own health and wellbeing, your car needs that same level of care and attention. This isn’t just about compliance with the law; regular MOT tests play a critical role in maintaining vehicle safety and efficiency.
According to the Driver and Vehicle Standards Authority (DVSA), the body that oversees the MOT, several common failures often lead to vehicles not passing their MOT. These frequently include issues with lighting and signalling, suspension, brakes, tyres, and factors affecting the driver’s view of the road like a dirty windscreen or worn-out wiper blades. Hence, understanding these common pitfalls and how to avoid them can be beneficial for every car owner.
Regular MOT tests, therefore, are more than a legal formality; they’re an essential aspect of responsible vehicle ownership. They help ensure that your vehicle remains in good working order and that any safety issues are identified and addressed promptly. Plus, a well-maintained vehicle is not only safer but also more efficient, potentially saving you money on fuel and costly repairs down the line.
However, an MOT test is not something to be apprehensive about. With some basic knowledge and regular checks, you can greatly improve your chances of passing the test without any hitches. The rest of this guide will offer you detailed advice on preparing for an MOT test, covering everything from conducting basic pre-MOT checks to cleaning your car and ensuring tyre safety.
Understanding Common MOT Failures
Having a clear understanding of what leads to an MOT test failure can save you the inconvenience and cost of a retest. According to research by the RAC, the most common reasons for MOT failures are issues with lighting and signalling (18.9%), suspension (13%), brakes (10%), tyres (7.7%) and issues affecting the driver’s view of the road (7.2%). Let’s delve deeper into these common pitfalls.
Lighting and Signalling Issues
Almost one in five MOT failures are due to problems with lighting and signalling. This category includes all lights on your vehicle – from headlights and tail lights to indicators and registration plate lights. A bulb that’s not working correctly, discoloured, or even missing entirely can lead to a failed MOT test.
Next up is suspension issues, which account for 13% of MOT test failures. Problems with shock absorbers or a substantial fluid leak from the exhaust system are considered major defects. Until these issues are rectified, your car is bound to fail its MOT.
Brakes play a crucial role in vehicle safety, so it’s no surprise that they’re a common cause of MOT test failures. Faulty brakes can be due to worn-out brake pads, malfunctioning handbrakes, or compromised brake fluid systems. All these issues can lead to an immediate MOT fail.
Approximately 7.7% of MOT test failures are due to issues with tyres. Tyre-related fails can range from having insufficient tread depth or incorrect tyre pressure to using a tyre that’s seriously damaged. It’s important to regularly check your tyres for any visible signs of wear or damage.
Issues Affecting the Driver’s View
Last but not least, issues that affect the driver’s view of the road account for 7.2% of MOT failures. This can include anything from a cracked windscreen to obstructions caused by stickers or dirt. Even minor objects like air fresheners or sat navs improperly placed can obstruct the driver’s view and result in a fail.
Understanding these common MOT failures is the first step towards avoiding them. Regular maintenance and inspections can help catch these issues before they cause a failed MOT test. In the following sections, we’ll explore how you can perform basic pre-MOT checks yourself, ensuring that your vehicle is in the best possible condition before the actual MOT test.
Conducting Basic Pre-MOT Checks
Before you take your vehicle for an MOT test, there are several inspections you can perform yourself to ensure your vehicle is in the best possible condition. A wise car owner knows that a pre-MOT check is not only about saving money but also about ensuring road safety. Remember, driving with an expired or invalid MOT is a criminal offence. So, let’s delve into the world of pre-MOT checks and unravel the easy steps you can follow.
One area that often results in MOT failures is faulty or non-functioning bulbs. It’s prudent to ensure all your vehicle’s lights are functioning as expected. Ask a friend or family member to help confirm the operation of front, rear, brake, fog, indicator, and registration plate lights. In case any bulb doesn’t light up or is discoloured, it needs replacement before the MOT test.
Your vehicle’s tyres must be in good shape for it to pass the MOT. They should be properly inflated (refer to your vehicle handbook for correct tyre pressures), and the tread depth should be at least 1.6mm around the entire tyre. You can easily verify the tread depth using the 20p test. Any signs of abnormal wear could suggest a problem and need immediate attention. Remember, tyre issues are the leading cause of MOT failures, so don’t overlook this crucial check!
Another component that demands your attention is the wiper blades. They must be in top-notch condition and capable of clearing the windscreen effectively. Damaged or worn-out wipers can hinder your visibility and result in an MOT failure. So, ensure they are replaced if they show signs of wear or damage.
The functionality of the horn is another simple check that you can perform. Give your horn a quick honk to verify its working condition. If it fails to sound as expected, get it repaired or replaced immediately.
Seat Belt Integrity and Fuel Cap Security
Seat belts play a pivotal role in ensuring the safety of the vehicle’s occupants. Make sure that they click into place easily and return to their holder when not in use. If they fail to do so or appear worn out, they might lead to a failed MOT. Similarly, the fuel cap should fit securely to prevent fuel leakage. If it’s loose or damaged, get it fixed before the MOT test.
By conducting these basic pre-MOT checks, you can significantly improve your chances of passing the MOT test. Remember, these checks are not exhaustive, but they cover the most common areas that lead to MOT failures. Always ensure your vehicle is well-maintained and regularly serviced to enhance its performance and longevity.
The Importance of Cleanliness in MOT Preparation
When preparing for your MOT test, it’s not just the mechanical aspects of your vehicle that matter; cleanliness plays a crucial role too. Ensuring your vehicle is clean both inside and out isn’t merely an aesthetic choice. It could potentially be the difference between passing or failing your test. A dirty car can obstruct the examiner’s ability to perform a thorough inspection, and certain features may not function as effectively if they’re covered in dirt or grime. Let’s delve further into why cleanliness is so essential in MOT preparation.
Cleanliness: More Than Just a Good Impression
While a sparkling clean car might make a good impression on the examiner, the importance of cleanliness goes beyond mere appearances. According to guidelines provided by NIDirect, the exterior, interior, and even the underparts of the vehicle must be clean, or the examiner may refuse to test it. This is because accumulated dirt and debris could impede the examiner’s ability to properly assess key areas of the car, resulting in a delayed or incomplete test. Furthermore, clutter in the cabin, such as old food packets or general rubbish, can interfere with the examiner’s job. Therefore, cleanliness is not just about aesthetics; it’s about ensuring the MOT test can be carried out efficiently and accurately.
The Necessity of Clean, Readable Number Plates
Clean, readable number plates are a must for any MOT test. Examiners need to clearly identify your car’s registration number, and dirt or grime covering the plate could lead to a fail. Hence, always ensure your number plates are clean and clearly visible before heading for your MOT test. It’s also worth noting that number plates do deteriorate over time, as water works its way between the plastic and the film. This would also fail. The registration plates need to be in near-perfect condition to ensure traffic cameras don’t have any issues reading them.
Wiper Blades and Windscreen Clarity
Another aspect where cleanliness plays a pivotal role during an MOT test is in relation to wiper blades and windscreen clarity. Driving with a dirty windscreen can be dangerous as it can impair your vision. Consequently, examiners will check that your wiper blades are able to clear the windscreen effectively. It’s advisable to thoroughly clean your windscreen and replace worn-out wiper blades before the test. Moreover, ensure your windscreen washer fluid is topped up, as this will also be checked during the MOT test.
Preparing for an MOT test involves more than just mechanical checks and repairs. By keeping your car clean and organised, you can help facilitate a smooth testing process, reducing the risk of unnecessary complications or delays. Remember, a clean car is not only safer and more pleasant to drive, but it also stands a better chance of passing its MOT test.
Addressing Tyre Safety
Tyre safety is a crucial component of MOT preparation, with tyre tread and pressure checks playing a significant role in the evaluation process. Tyres are not just essential for passing your MOT test, but they also directly affect your vehicle’s performance and your overall safety on the road. Let’s dive into the details.
The Significance of Tyre Tread Checks
One of the key reasons cars fail their MOT tests is due to inadequate tyre tread depth. According to UK law, the tread depth must not be less than 1.6mm throughout a continuous band comprising ¾ of the breadth and the entire outer circumference of the tyre. Driving with low tread levels isn’t just dangerous, it’s also illegal. A low tread depth can compromise your vehicle’s grip on the road, particularly in wet conditions, and can significantly increase stopping distances.
How to Use the 20p Test
To ensure your tyres meet the legal requirements, you can perform a simple yet effective ’20p test’. Insert a 20p coin into the main grooves of your tyre. If the outer band of the coin is obscured when inserted, then your tread is above the legal limit. If not, your tyres could be unsafe and potentially illegal, necessitating immediate replacement.
The Importance of Tyre Pressure Checks
Just as crucial as the tread depth is the tyre pressure. Overinflated tyres can lead to blowouts faster than punctures. A common misconception is that increasing tyre pressures can enhance fuel efficiency slightly by reducing rolling resistance with the road. However, this practice is not advisable. Overinflation causes only the centre part of the tread to make contact with the road, wearing out the centre section quicker and reducing traction. On the other hand, underinflation can destroy your tyres from the inside out. Under-inflated tyres can pinch and pop easier on a sudden impact with a curb or pothole, causing a blowout or leak. Therefore, maintaining optimal tyre pressure is a must.
Maintaining Optimal Tyre Pressure
To maintain optimal tyre pressure, it’s recommended to check and adjust tyre pressures during season changes. This is because the air pressure in your tyres fluctuates due to temperature changes outside. This fluctuation can be as much as 8 psi between summer and winter in cold climates. You should refer to your car’s manual or the sticker inside the driver’s door to find the correct pressure settings for your vehicle.
Tyre safety is paramount not only for passing the MOT test but also for ensuring safe driving practices. By regularly checking your tyre treads and pressure, you can prevent common failures, extend the lifespan of your tyres and ensure a smoother, safer ride.
Ensuring Proper Functioning of Lights
Illuminating your path on the road and signalling your intentions to other drivers is crucial for safe driving, which is why checking the working order of all your vehicle’s lights is a significant aspect of preparing for an MOT test. Lighting issues account for a whopping 18.9% of all MOT failures according to RAC, emphasising their importance.
Before heading for your MOT, make it a point to inspect your car’s front, rear, brake, fog, indicator, and registration plate lights. Faulty lights not only contribute to MOT failure but also pose a safety hazard on the road. Your lights guide you in the dark, alert other motorists and pedestrians of your presence, and communicate your intentions, such as turning or stopping.
How to Effectively Check for Faulty Lights
Checking your vehicle’s lights is relatively straightforward and doesn’t require any specialised tools or expertise. Simply switch on your lights and check each one of them. A gentle tap can help identify any loose or damaged components. Faulty lights are usually easily detectable – either they don’t turn on when they should, or they remain on when they shouldn’t.
Don’t overlook your dashboard lights too. These indicate potential issues with your car’s engine, ABS & traction systems, headlight main beam, brake fluid level, power steering, and more. Ignoring these warning lights can lead to MOT failure.
The Issue of Discoloured Bulbs
While we often associate faulty lights with bulbs that don’t illuminate, discolouration is another issue that can lead to MOT failure. The coloured film on some indicator and brake light bulbs can fade over time, causing discoloured light. This may seem like a minor issue, but it can confuse other road users if your red brake light appears white or yellow, for example.
Fortunately, replacing a bulb is quick, inexpensive, and usually something you can do yourself. Regular checks will ensure you spot any discolouration early and fix it before it causes you to fail your MOT.
In sum, making sure all your lights work correctly is critical. It ensures your safety on the road and is a simple way to avoid a common MOT failure. So, don’t drive in the dark – let your lights guide the way to a successful MOT!
What to do if Your Car Fails its MOT
The moment a car fails its MOT can be quite stressful for many car owners. However, it’s crucial to remember that this is not the end of the road. There are steps you can take to rectify the issues, get your vehicle back into shape, and pass the retest. Let’s delve into the process and understand what your next steps should be if your car unfortunately fails its MOT.
Understanding the Categories of Faults
When your vehicle fails its MOT, the test result will list out the problems which can be categorised as ‘dangerous’, ‘major’, or ‘minor’. It is essential to understand what these categories mean for your car’s roadworthiness. According to the UK government’s official website, a ‘dangerous’ or ‘major’ problem would mean that your vehicle has failed the test, and you might not be allowed to drive until you fix these issues.
A dangerous defect poses an immediate and direct risk to road safety or has a serious impact on the environment, requiring immediate repair. Major defects may not be as immediately threatening as dangerous ones but they still constitute a fail. For example, a shock absorber or exhaust system with a substantial fluid leak would be considered a major defect. Minor issues, on the other hand, do not result in a fail but should be monitored and fixed as soon as possible to prevent them from escalating into major problems.
Next Steps After Failing an MOT
Once you’ve understood the nature of the faults, it’s time to act. If your car has failed due to major or dangerous faults, you need to get them repaired immediately. Regular servicing and maintenance can help identify these problems early on and address them before they become bigger issues.
Make sure to approach a reputable garage for repairs. Once the issues have been resolved, you can then take your car for a re-test. Keep in mind that some testing centres offer a free re-test if the repairs are completed within a certain period, usually within ten working days. Therefore, it’s a good idea to inquire about such provisions with your testing centre.
For minor faults, while they don’t cause an immediate fail, it’s a good practice to fix them at your earliest convenience. Addressing minor issues promptly not only increases your chances of passing the next MOT but also maintains your car’s overall health and longevity.
Remember, the key to a successful MOT lies in regular vehicle checks and maintenance. By paying attention to common failures like lights, tyres, brakes, seat belts, and cleanliness, you can significantly increase your chances of passing the MOT test and ensure your vehicle remains safe and efficient on the road.
Conclusion and Call-to-Action
In conclusion, thorough preparation is the secret weapon to acing your MOT test. Each year, a significant proportion of cars fail their MOT tests due to avoidable issues. According to the RAC, lighting and signalling problems account for 18.9% of failures, followed by suspension (13%), brakes (10%), tyres (7.7%) and issues affecting the driver’s view of the road (7.2%). The good news is that all these issues can be detected and remedied with regular checks.
This guide has provided you with practical steps to carry out these simple checks on your vehicle. By investing a little time in routine inspections, you significantly increase your chances of passing the MOT test and ensuring your vehicle’s roadworthiness. Not only does this save you from potential re-test costs, but it also contributes to overall road safety, protecting both you and other road users.
But remember, while the MOT test is a legal requirement for vehicles over three years old in the UK, it is not a comprehensive health check for your car. It’s important to maintain regular servicing and pay attention to any signs of potential mechanical problems. Don’t wait until your MOT test to address them!
As we’ve learned, even small issues like a blown bulb, worn-out tyre, or faulty wiper blade can result in an MOT failure. Yet, these are not costly to fix and can often be remedied by the drivers themselves with the right guidance.
Regular Checks and Maintenance
Let this guide serve as a reminder to regularly inspect your car’s lights, tyres, brakes, seat belts, and more. Consistent checks allow you to detect issues early and keep your car in top shape. Remember, a well-maintained vehicle is not just an MOT-passing vehicle, but one that will serve you reliably and safely throughout the year.
From conducting basic pre-MOT checks, understanding the importance of cleanliness, addressing tyre safety, ensuring proper functioning of lights, to knowing what to do if your car fails its MOT, we’ve covered a lot of ground. We hope that these tips and insights equip you to navigate the MOT process confidently and help you maintain your car in the best possible condition.
Let’s take a moment to reflect on why we’re doing all of this. At the heart of it all, it’s about safety – yours, your passengers’, and that of other road users. By maintaining our vehicles and preparing them thoroughly for the MOT, we’re contributing to safer roads in the UK. So let’s commit to regular checks, prompt repairs, and responsible driving. Because every journey matters, and so does every life.
Happy and safe driving!